Since 2004 no party has been able to secure a majority in Karnataka. The year 2013 was however an exception.
Karnataka interestingly votes region wise and this suggests that there cannot never be a common issue to vote in the state. There are four regions in Karnataka- Mumbai-Karnataka, Hyderabad-Karnataka, Coastal Karnataka and Old Mysuru Region.
Each political party has its own stronghold. For instance the JD(S) and Congress are very strong in the Old Mysuru Region, while the BJP bags most of its votes from the Coastal Karnataka region and northern parts of the state. This is probably one of the main reasons that the state since 2004 has seen no party getting an absolute majority, except in the years 2013. In 2013 the Congress emerged as the single largest party and this also went on to show that it is still the party which has a pan-Karnataka reach, although it is weaker in some parts of the state.
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